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The RKF and the World Dog Show - 2016
This year the Russian Kynological Federation commemorates its 25 anniversary.
At the first glance this jubilee seems to be modest, especially in comparison with the 105-years history of the FCI, uniting great deal of countries all over the world. Only such countries with their own cynological traditions as
However, the young RKF has its own more than 150-years prehistory. The history of homegrown cynology began in 1859 when the first club of hunting dogs was set up in
In 1872 year “Èìïåðàòîðñêîå Îáùåñòâî ðàçìíîæåíèÿ ïðîìûñëîâûõ è îõîòíè÷üèõ æèâîòíûõ è ïðàâèëüíîé îõîòû» - “The Imperial society of selection of hunting and utility dogs” (further – The Imperial Society) was arranged; ãðàô Â.À. Øåðåìåòüåâ - Count Vasily Sheremetev became the Head of the Society, the Emperor became its patron.
The first dog show held by this Society was arranged in 1873. In general, during the period of its existence up to 1917, the Imperial Society organized and held 17 dog shows.
It is important to mention that the Imperial Society kept close contacts with kennel clubs of West Europe and mutual agreements with
There are some documents shown that officially documented that The Imperial Society participated in the international campaign devoted to the FCI creation, and only due to political cataclysms the country was not the part of the FCI founders.
In the middle of 1920-s there was trend to hunting activity and big and small game in the Soviet Russia. Firstly cynological activity was carried out within–“All-Russian hunting cooperative Union” (“Âñåêîõîòñîþç”) in 1924-1933; further under the authority of “
The cultivation of the working dogs was governed by the rules established by special parent organizations such as ÎÑÎÂÈÀÕÈÌ (1927-1951 ã.ã.), ÄÎÑÀÀÔ (1951-1991), ÐÎÑÒÎ (1991). In 1961 year the Russian Utility Dog Federation was established under ÄÎÑÀÀÔ.
Breeding and selection of pure-bred dogs in these organizations were carried out on the basis of planning approach, and cultivated the ability to breed the dogs under the affinity breeding conditions. This approach was considered to be typical for that period due to few possibilities to use imported stud dogs and assumed the ability to combine skillfully breeding stock (up to 300-350 brood bitches in many breeds) on the basis of both genetic and typological traits.
The generations of such specialists in the field of selection created the unique cynological culture on the whole territory of our huge country. During the entire soviet period the hunting and the working braches of the cynology were developing separately, although the ultimate principles and main rules regulating their work corresponded.
The rest of the breeds, later called “amateur breeds”, was divided into several groups according to their size: decorative breeds up to 40 cm in withers turned out to be included into Hunting dog Societies, the large dogs were included into the Clubs of Working dogs.
At the end of 1972 according to the decision of the major-general A.Pokryshkin, the head of the ÄÎÑÀÀÔ, such breeds as Doberman, Deutscher Boxer, Newfoundland, St.Benardshund were excluded from the Clubs - ÄÎÑÀÀÔ members as amateurs breeds. It was the decision to become turning point and the beginning of the new amateur branch of national cynology when the decorative breed and excluded breed were united as a new society.
The first amateur society ÌÃÎËÑ (“
Breeding, show, show judging and field \ trials \ training canine activity in all directions was carried out separately in places though under the general rules.
Every canine society \ every dog club issued its own pedigrees, and there was no entire database for the dogs breeding in the country.
The most experienced specialists were regularly asked to train young members at different courses by Clubs (Societies). These courses were primarily designed for training specialists in breeding and selection or in dog training, later show judges were educated there.
Giving the licenses for judges within the system of hunting and amateur dogs clubs was accomplished by the all-Union Judges Commission under All-Union Cynological Council, Ministry of Agriculture of the
Licensing of judges within the system of working dogs clubs was accomplished by the Clubs - ÄÎÑÀÀÔ/ÐÎÑÒÎ - members.
In 1989 year the issue dealing with the need to join the FCI was raised at the all-Union qualification judges Commission by some enthusiasts from working, hunting and amateur dogs society. The Membership in the FCI would give the possibility to recognize in the world the pedigrees of the domestic dogs, provide the opportunity to participate at the international dog shows, give the right to win International Champion titles and legitimate the work of Russian judges abroad.
The initiative was supported by the All-Union cynological Council.
There were some obstacles impeding the entry into the FCI: absence of recognized single national cynological organization, lack of general database and unified pedigrees/ Besides the activity of such an organization had to be in compliance with the FCI rules and regulations devoted to the Statutes, the Standing Orders, the Show regulations and the Breeding rules.
On the 15th of April, 1990 the All-Union Federation of dog amateurs was established at the Constituent Conference attended by representatives of the dog amateurs clubs from all
At this conference the Statutes was taken, the presidium was elected and such important issue as participating the new Federation in the setting the All-Union Kynological Federation was adopted.
The All-Union Kynological Federation (UKF) was established on the 25th of May, 1990.
Primarily the All-Union Kynological Federation was registered in the Leningradsky district of Moscow. There was no certain that such a registration met the requirements for recognition by the FCI. After prolonged searches the solution was found. The organization was registered on the list of the All-Union economic society in the section “Protection Nature Economy”. The president of the All-Union economic society was the Minister of Finance of the
The package of documents required for joining the FCI was handed to the FCI President, Hans Mueller (
There was no reaction from the side of the FCI for a relatively long time due to different reasons. First, the presence of a concern about the large country without the usual for the FCI order but with some outstanding breeds those were able to compete with the best West dogs. The west colleagues concerned about Russian breeders who could capture the market and compete with them selling the puppies cheaper. Besides, the applicants for the FCI membership from alternative soviet organizations posted to the FCI numerous letters and even sent spokespersons with the petitions did not accept the UKF as the official country representative.
As a result the FCI offered to the competitors to come to any agreement before consider the question of membership.
At that time the UKF conducted activity devoted to further developing the database, and pedigree unification. The pedigrees issued by different clubs were changed into the pedigrees of the UKF.
The activity targeted at the acquaintance of the FCI judges with the soviet purebred dogs population at 9 dog shows arranged in 1990-1991 years was designed with the aim that those judges would be able to explain their impressions to the FCI General Committee.
A large-scale activity aimed at the judges re-licensing and proficiency testing was carried out.
The judges had to be retrained in accordance with the FCI method.
According to the new method the judging procedure was accomplished individually and required from the judge an ability to examine the dog within 3 minutes, correlate the dog’s conformation with the breed standard, give a short critique, make a reasoned evaluation and after that to place the first four dogs in the ring.
The old common method adopted in the
In February, 1991, the Statutes of the All-Union Kynological Federation (UKF) with the exclusive rights of the UKF in the field of cynology was registered in the Ministry of Justice of the
Simultaneously the UKF maintained the contacts with the Board of the English and American Kennel Clubs, achieving the recognition from their side. This goal was achieved in 1999.
In August, 1991, the putsch happened, and despite it was suppressed, the
Primarily the members of the RKF became the region clubs and canine societies in the frames of corresponding federations for amateur, working and hunting dogs. Later under the re-registration with the Russian Ministry of Justice and in accordance with the requirements of the new Federal Law “About public associations” the RKF structure was converted into the form of union, and three Federations became its members. The fourth Federation ÀÍÊÎÐ (later ÎÀÍÊÎÎ) joined the RKF in a few years.
The RKF Statutes was registered with the Russian Ministry of Justice under N 337, and the FCI was officially notified and asked to consider the organization as a legal successor of the UKF.
There were no exclusive rights to conduct cynological activity in the Statutes, that is why the RKF executives were advised to apply to the Russian Government. As a result the RKF managed to achieve the Resolution of the Russian Government “On measures to improve dog breeding in the
According to this Resolution the RKF was empowered to carry out abovementioned activities indispensable both for arranging cytological activity in the country and representing its interest abroad.
Besides though the assistance of the Russian Agriculture Ministry the Government provided support and control of the RKF in its cynological activity.
This Resolution was very accurate and legally justified, in spite of the anti-monopoly law remained in force until 1995, when the state identified licensing as a form of state activity by Government decree N 290. The RKF was given the right to licensing the specialists in the field of cynology.
That Government decree significantly reinforced the RKF status in the eyes of the FCI.
At the same time this decree became a catalyst in processes taking place in the country at the background of the fight against the RKF. Sometimes this struggle turned into the friendship as in the case with three large clubs “Ôàóía” (Fauna), “Ýëèòa” (Elite), ÐÊÀ (Russian Kynological Association). At the end these organization united together in ÀÍÊÎÐ (later ÎÀÍÊÎÎ), the 4th RKF member.
In this structure on 21st of December, 1995, the RKF was accepted as a contract-partner of the FCI, 5 years later after the first application.
Prior visit to
Nevertheless even the decision taken by the FCI General Assembly in
However the representatives of the host country – the Board of the Irish Kennel Club understood the situation properly and corrected it providing me, as the RKF President, the honorable right to judge Best in Show at the National competition “Champion of Champions”.
At the initial stage the transfer the RKF into the FCI way was accomplished painfully.
The problem mostly concerned pedigrees; their issue was considered to be the good source of regular revenue, and clubs and societies were not ready to lose it. Nevertheless, the problem of centralized issue of pedigrees was the cornerstone so as only the single, unified database could ensure the pedigree reliability, and the RKF became the guarantor responsible for the stud book keeping. The federations were able to solve that problem.
However the Federations until 2002 continued to issue the domestic pedigrees. This problem could not help disturbing the FCI office, their position was firm and uncompromising: only the RKF had to issue pedigrees.
Since 2002 the issue of pedigrees either export ones or domestic ones has been provided by the RKF. Due to this fact the accepting RKF as an FCI member was approved at the FCI General Assembly in 2003.
The other problem of the initial period that heads of the clubs faced with, were linked with catalogues and the preliminary entry to the dog shows. That problem was solved as well.
The prestige of the RKF was growing steadily.
In summer, 1999 at the meeting in Mexico the FCI General Assembly took a decision about accepting the RKF as an associated member of the FCI; the agreement on associated membership was signed on 3rd of December in Alicante, Spain.
By the year 2000 my authority as the first RKF President elected in 1991 and re-elected for the second term in 1994 had expired.
In February, 2000, Revaz Khomasuridze became the next RKF President. He was changed by Aleksandr Inshakov in a year.
Currently A. I. Inshakov has been the head of the RKF as its President for 15 years, after three times re-elected in 2005, 2010 and 2015.
Over the years, the RKF has transformed into a powerful organization, became a full FCI member (2003), leading in the world by quantity of the awarded International Champions titles and the number of clubs, and being the second FCI country in the number of CACIB and CAC dog shows.
There are over 7 million dogs of different purebred dogs in the RKF database.
Lots of domestic and foreign breeds cultivating in the RKF system are at the top level.
Russian dogs have been included in the final placement in determining the BIS dogs at the most prestigious shows as well as the European and World shows and even won the titles.
Among the most famous Russian winners there are
Kerry blue Terrier Avgust Strong Sensibility who became the BIS at the European Dog Show 2001 in
Scottich terrier Feliñite Brash Celebration who became Res. BIS at the largest dog show in the world - Cruft's 2010 (under the BIS judge Mrs. Valery Foss, Great Britain), and won BIG title at the World Dog Show 2010 in Herning, Denmark (under the judge Group III Wayne Burton, Australia); just only few dogs are named.
A truly grand success was achieved by Russian participants it the “Europasieger" show 2011 to be held in celebration of the FCI centennial in
All three final competitors ascended the Main Ring podium on determining the Best dogs of the Show were Russian dogs:
BIS – I - Welsh corgi Pembroke Andvol Pinkerton;
BIS – II – Leonberger Amicus Optimus Antonius;
BIS - III - Scottich Terrier Feliñite Brash Celebration.
Mr. Horst Kliebenstein, the Chairman of the FCI Judges Commission,
That day the Russian dogs became the BIG winners in Groups I, II, III, IX, and won 37 CACIBs and 18 BOBs.
The day before, on May 7, at the show devoted to 100 anniversary of the FCI, in the BIS ring the third place was taken by the dwarf wire-haired dachshund Magik Rainbow Brabus.
The FCI President, Hans Mueller, Swetzerland, was BIS judge.
That day the Russian dogs won BIG III and BIG IV titles and were awarded with 38 CACIBs and 20 BOBs.
Incredible success was achieved by Russian breeders at the FCI World Show in
The former winner of the Dortmund Dog Show Leonberger Amicus Optimus Antonius (owner Mrs. Kusharskaya) won the BIG II title.
The standard smooth dachshund Hampdach Chryses (owner Mrs. M. Kuranova) became the BIG IV winner.
In quantity of participants our representatives were the second ones, the hosts of the Championship, our French colleagues became the first.
These great achievements perfectly reflect the degree which Russian breeders have reached, having risen to the top level five times faster than their Western counterparts.
Nowadays much can be attributed to global advances and, first and foremost, this can be applied to "
For a quarter of a century the most eminent judges have being judged there, discovering new star – dogs.
And last but not least, the most outstanding RKF victory is as follows. The RKF application for holding the World Dog Show was approved by the FCI General Assembly in
It was the great success of the RKF, the young FCI member with more than 150-year prehistory in cynology.
Five years passed from the General Assembly in
The most well known successful achievements include, but are not limited to, the following:
Welsh corgi Pembroke Andvol Pinkerton (owner Mrs. O. Shuvalova) conforming his title of outstanding Show dog won the title Res. BIS at World Dog Show 2012 in Salzburg under the FCI President Hams Mueller, Switzerland;
Scottich Terrier Feliñite Brash Koh – I – Noor (owner Mrs. V. Popova) became BIS of European Dog Show 2013 in Genève under the FCI President Hams Mueller,
Bearded Collie I did it again
Two Russian dogs: Black Russian Terrier Fine Lady S Zolotogo Grada (owner Ms E. Zaitseva) under the judge Rafael Malo Alcrudo,
Welsh corgi Pembroke Andvol Pinkerton (owner Mrs. O. Shuvalova) became the 3rd in the Eukanuba World Challenge Final under BIS judge L.P. Texeira,
Scottich Terrier Mcvan's to Russia with Love (owner Mrs. M. Khenkina) became Res. BIS in the Eukanuba World Challenge Final under BIS judge the FCI President R. De Santiago, Puerto-Rico, in 2015, in
With such results the RKF now is coming to the most significant event of the year – the World Dog Show - 2016.
The preparation for this all-national event is in full swing; famous and the most experienced Russian and foreign judges have been invited; the breeders and owners from several continents are going to take part in these competitions.
All of them together with the audience are to be witnesses of the Grand celebration atmosphere, with its intensity of the true sports passion.
Good luck to all of us in this worldwide competition of dogs and dogs amateurs at the World Dog Show 2016 in
10.09Title Awarding Rules